Gambling Disorder


Gambling involves wagering something of value on an event with an uncertain outcome determined at least partly by chance. This can include games of chance or skill, such as lottery tickets, slot machines, and table games like poker, blackjack, and craps that are played in casinos and other venues. It can also include betting on sports events or horse races. Gambling is a recreational activity for some people, but others have problems with it that can result in serious personal and financial issues.

In the United States, most adults have gambled at some time, and many do so regularly. However, a small percentage of those who gamble develop gambling disorder. This is a mental health condition that requires treatment. It is characterized by urges to gamble despite negative consequences, including feelings of hopelessness and guilt. Several different types of psychotherapy can help treat gambling disorder. These treatments are offered by qualified mental health professionals, such as psychologists and social workers.

Some people engage in social gambling for fun and entertainment, for example playing card or board games with friends for small amounts of money or participating in a friendly sports betting pool. Other people may gamble to relieve stress or take their mind off other worries. Gambling stimulates the brain’s reward center, and a sense of euphoria is often experienced. This is why some people enjoy it so much and are unable to stop.

Other people have problems with gambling that are a symptom of an underlying mental health condition, such as depression or anxiety. These conditions can lead to harmful gambling behaviors, and a person who has these disorders may be more likely to develop gambling problems than those without them. Some people may also use gambling as a way to escape from other problems, such as financial difficulties or relationship conflicts.

Gambling disorders can have a profound impact on a person’s life. They can cause significant damage to relationships, careers, and education, and lead to criminal activities such as forgery, fraud, theft, and embezzlement. They can also increase a person’s risk of suicide. In some cases, a gambling disorder can result in a complete breakdown of a person’s home and lifestyle.

There are no medications to treat gambling disorder, but several types of psychotherapy can be effective. These treatment methods involve a trained and licensed mental health professional, such as a psychologist or clinical social worker. They may include techniques to change unhealthy emotions and thoughts, as well as teaching the person healthier ways to relax and deal with stress. Some of these techniques are cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and dialectical behavior therapy. They can also include group therapy, individual counseling, and family therapy. In some cases, inpatient and residential treatment programs are available for severe cases of gambling disorder that require round-the-clock support. These programs may be covered by insurance, but there are also free and low-cost options available. These programs may be especially helpful for people with coexisting mood disorders or comorbid mental health conditions, such as anxiety or depression.